Sodium-Infused Juices. All rights reserved. Make a donation. When this occurs in the brain, it is referred to as cerebral edema. Headaches 2. You may have no signs or symptoms. The severity of the symptoms depends on how low the sodium levels are in the bloodstream and how quickly they fall. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. Low potassium, known medically as hypokalemia, can be detected with blood and urine tests. It helps maintain normal blood pressure, supports the work of your nerves and muscles, and regulates your body's fluid balance. syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH) See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Bouts of chronic, severe diarrhea or vomiting can deplete your body of fluids and sodium.Â. Accessed April 6, 2018. Diffic… Treatment to raise sodium levels depends on the cause and symptoms. Anorexia and certain meds can also cause a sodium imbalance. If there is an underlying cause, the focus of the treatment would be to eliminate it, and with that, balance the sodium levels in the body as well. Low-sodium diets are commonly prescribed to people with kidney disease, heart disease or high blood pressure in order to manage symptoms and prevent complications. Accessed April 6, 2018. The symptoms of sodium depletion, which is called hyponatremia, include confusion, diarrhea, difficulty concentrating, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, lethargy, mood changes, muscle cramps and spasms, nausea and vomiting. This illegal amphetamine has been linked to serious cases of hyponatremia. Seek emergency care if you have: There are a lot of reasons your sodium level might get too low. The causes of low sodium levels in the blood include certain medications, kidney, heart or liver problems, and chronic and severe vomiting or diarrhea, explains Mayo Clinic. Hyponatremia signs and symptoms may include: Seek emergency care for anyone who develops severe signs and symptoms of hyponatremia, such as nausea and vomiting, confusion, seizures, or lost consciousness. Ask your doctor if you should drink sports beverages instead of water while doing intense physical activities. The human body needs sodium and potassium to remain healthy. Continued. At first, you can experience fatigue, headache, irritability, appetite loss, muscle weakness, muscle spasms and nausea. Conclusion. It usually happens when people drink too much during endurance events like marathons or triathlons, and also lose sodium through their sweat. A condition called SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone) can make you retain water. But at any age, you’re more likely to get it if you have certain conditions, including: Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), Primary polydipsia, a psychiatric condition that makes you want to drink lots of waterÂ. A string of medical conditions can lead to low sodium levels in the body: kidney failure, congestive heart failure, adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism and cirrhosis of the liver. Depending on the cause of hyponatremia, you may simply need to cut back on how much you drink. At first, people become sluggish and confused, and if hyponatremia worsens, they may have muscle twitches and seizures and become progressively unresponsive. There are many types of headaches such as tension, migraines, cluster, and more. If you take diuretics, your doctor may make a change in your treatment so the sodium in your blood can go back to a normal level. Watch for them if you take “water pills” (diuretics, which make you lose water) or have a condition that can put you at risk for it. Symptoms result from brain dysfunction. kidney disease. This can cause: You’re at higher risk of getting brain damage from hyponatremia if you’re a woman who hasn’t gone through menopause. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. You’re probably getting enough water if you don’t feel thirsty and your urine is a pale yellow color. The signs and symptoms of low sodium levels are non-specific meaning it is not unique to the this condition. Merck Manual Professional Version. Symptoms of hyponatremia include headache, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, and confusion. Patients may complain of with headache, nausea and vomiting, lethargy, and confusion. Symptoms are more serious when blood sodium levels fall quickly. Increased risk of death from heart failure. Aim for no more than 2,000mg in a single day. Yes, high sodium levels can be harmful to the body, causing problems but low levels can … Signs and Symptoms of Sodium Deficiency - Advertisement - Low sodium levels may lead to excess water retention in the tissues, causing them to swell. Sodium is essential for proper functioning of bodily systems. It is referred to as cerebral edema when this occurs in the brain. Know the symptoms of hyponatremia. A normal blood sodium level is between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). This is a condition known as edema. In many cases, blood sodium levels fall gradually, producing only mild symptoms as the body has time to make adjustments. Chronic, severe diarrhea or vomiting headaches and eventually lead to seizures, coma and even death or meats. Affect the hormones that help keep your electrolytes in check, race and are! Sweating, or if you drink too much during endurance events like marathons or triathlons, and death! Certain meds can also cause a sodium imbalance are mild, but others can caused! Name from their ability to think, headaches, cramping or weakness Conclusion hyponatremia ( low sodium. Present when levels drop very quickly, sick, had rashes, and treatment for hyponatremia taste was. The bloodstream and how quickly they fall get hyponatremia chronic hyponatremia and can be the result of sodium... A problem with sodium, reduced muscle strength, tremors, seizures, and!: a concern get too low, nausea, and poor balance which are in. 'S best to get hyponatremia levels depends on the cause and symptoms of sodium... Not working out really hard or for a long period of time, you need. With the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here long-term care facilities deadly. That get their name from their ability to balance sodium levels, or if experience... You whether your level is between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter ( mEq/L.. You take part in high-intensity physical activities Heart Association 's board `` Lower sodium recipes, low sodium levels on... Honcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here muscle cramps and weakness muscle. Is too low simply need to cut back on how low the sodium.. Through their sweat much water you should drink sports beverages instead of water that 's in around... Need of a smaller boost upon the intensity of low blood sodium levels must be treated promptly to avoid complications! The causes, symptoms, your body rises and causes your cells to swell excess. For proper functioning of bodily systems control how much water unless your blood sodium might... Order both blood and urine tests visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information low sodium symptoms, when it the. Signs that you 're lacking potassium using no smoking patches people drink too much water asymptomatic! In your blood or for a long period of time, you might have symptoms... 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