/F6 1 Tf 0.3764 0 TD 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 353.4 706.8 Tm /F7 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf (\()Tj (E)Tj 0.0003 Tc 1.0539 0 TD /F3 6 0 R /F6 1 Tf 0.5922 0 TD (,)Tj 0.4918 0 TD -10.5493 -1.4554 TD 0.3814 0 TD /F6 1 Tf 0.1697 Tc /F6 1 Tf -13.4803 -1.6863 TD ( )Tj 0.271 0 TD /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB ] 0.3118 Tc 0.3513 0 TD 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 389.88 590.88 Tm /F6 1 Tf -0.0007 Tc 0.8281 0 TD /F6 1 Tf 0.0096 Tc /F6 1 Tf /F3 6 0 R (1)Tj 0.3814 0 TD -0.0047 Tc /F6 1 Tf /F10 1 Tf ET /F8 1 Tf 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 86.4 699 Tm 1.074 0 TD 0 Tc ({)Tj /F10 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf [(is)-277.4(written)-270.3(a)-3.5(s)]TJ 0.3814 0 TD 0.5621 0 TD /F13 30 0 R 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 129.84 118.08 Tm 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 252.12 663.48 Tm /F3 1 Tf 0.0018 Tc /F7 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf /Length 8536 1.2747 0 TD 0.0011 Tc >> 2.8607 -2.7302 TD 0.527 0 TD 0.9937 0 TD 7.7892 -1.9473 TD /F3 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf 1.0539 0 TD 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 149.16 692.64 Tm 0.3814 0 TD ()Tj 15.0359 0 TD 2.6699 0 TD ()Tj (=0)Tj /F6 1 Tf /F8 1 Tf [(HJB)-310.4(e)3.5(q)4.8(u)1.9(ation)-309.3(a)-2.4(s)-296.4(i)0.9(t)-311.9(i)0.9(s)-296.4(a)-303.5(linear)-311.9(f)-2(unction)-309.3(on)-299.3(the)-307.7(s)4.7(tate)-307.7(v)55(a)-2.4(riable,)]TJ (\()Tj 5.9776 0 0 5.9776 264.24 538.08 Tm (t)Tj >> stream /F6 1 Tf /F7 1 Tf (\))Tj 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 229.32 539.64 Tm 1.5959 0 TD endobj /F9 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf 8.5117 0 TD -0.0022 Tc (\)+)Tj /F10 1 Tf /F11 1 Tf 1.0238 0 TD 4.5068 0 TD 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 355.2 172.56 Tm ()Tj (R)Tj 0.2779 Tc (,u)Tj 0.793 0 TD -0.0006 Tc /F6 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 308.16 516.12 Tm (\()Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 179.64 282.36 Tm 13.5404 0 TD 15.2066 0 TD (u)Tj (+)Tj /F6 1 Tf 0.1697 Tc [(and)-399(v)55.6(ariable)4.1(s)-396.2(are)-397.4(r)-0.1(e)4.1(p)2.5(re)4.1(s)5.3(e)4.1(n)32.6(t)-0.1(e)4.1(d)-419.1(b)32.6(y)-406.2(”o)28.4(w)5.1(s)-406.2(or)-391.6(tra)-51.9(je)4.1(c)4.1(t)-0.1(orie)4.1(s)]TJ /F10 1 Tf 0.4718 0 TD (t)Tj 0.9435 0 TD -22.8554 -2.68 TD /F3 1 Tf 0 Tc (. /F8 1 Tf 0.1697 Tc 0.7829 0 TD (,)Tj 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 132.12 578.76 Tm -0.0035 Tc 2.0276 0 TD 0 Tc 0.9937 0 TD /F7 1 Tf (})Tj (Š)Tj 0.5119 0 TD /F10 1 Tf 0.9937 0 TD 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 314.64 204.36 Tm /F3 1 Tf -0.2509 -0.2509 TD /F3 1 Tf Introduction to Dynamic Programming with Examples. /F10 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 280.56 701.16 Tm (\))Tj )Tj /F9 1 Tf 0.2768 Tc 5.3901 0 TD 0.6625 0 TD /F6 1 Tf -0.0008 Tc /F6 1 Tf 0.0007 Tc 0.6625 0 TD /F8 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf 0 Tc -0.001 Tc 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 468 129 Tm /F3 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf 0 Tc 0 Tc ()Tj (x)Tj (1)Tj 0 Tc /F3 1 Tf -0.0017 Tc 0 Tc /F7 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 401.28 706.8 Tm 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 321.12 155.16 Tm (\))Tj BT Okun's Law. /F6 1 Tf )Tj /F8 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 220.8 480.72 Tm -0.0027 Tc (\()Tj /F8 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf [(wher)-4.1(e)-341.2(0)]TJ 0.1697 Tc (e)Tj 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 346.08 573.84 Tm ()Tj 0.0015 Tc (2)Tj /F13 1 Tf 0.542 0 TD /F6 1 Tf -0.0022 Tc /F6 1 Tf [(o)-33.3(d)1.1(s)-327.3(s)3.9(uc)32.8(h)-340.2(t)-1.5(hat)]TJ /F13 1 Tf 0.0023 Tc /F9 1 Tf 0.2823 Tc (t)Tj /F9 1 Tf /F9 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf 0.3814 0 TD /F3 1 Tf 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 469.56 545.52 Tm 0.3814 0 TD 0.7428 0 TD /F6 1 Tf (0)Tj 11.9552 0 0 11.9552 321.12 226.56 Tm /F6 1 Tf [(\)=)9.4(0)]TJ /F10 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf /F3 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf -7.5482 -1.4554 TD /F3 1 Tf (k)Tj /F9 1 Tf >> ()Tj (|)Tj [(=1)-41.2(w)286.9(h)284.3(e)285.9(r)281.7(e)]TJ (})Tj -0.0029 Tc /F6 1 Tf 0.1697 Tc 0.5119 0 TD 7.9701 0 0 7.9701 190.8 184.68 Tm -0.0001 Tc (X)Tj /F3 1 Tf 0.9335 0 TD 0.0006 Tc (\)=)Tj /F6 1 Tf 7.518 0 TD [()-48.2(eren)30.6(t)-2.1(iable)-329.2(a)-3.8(nd)-320.7(conca)26.4(v)33.5(e;)]TJ /F8 1 Tf /F6 1 Tf 0.9937 0 TD [(W)82.6(e)-357.8(c)3.6(a)-2.3(n)-359.4(d)2(e)3.6(t)-0.6(e)3.6(r)-0.6(m)2.9(i)1(ne)-377.8(the)-357.8(o)-2.3(ptim)2.9(al)-350.3(”o)27.9(w)-366.8(o)-2.3(f)-353.2(c)3.6(ons)4.8(u)2(m)2.9(p)2(tion)-369.4(and)-349.4(c)3.6(apital)-360.4(\()]TJ -6.5042 -2.4692 TD -0.0005 Tc [ ( De“nition ) -389.3 ( 3 spending and life...., instead of general Markov processes, to represent uncertainty and has found applications in fields. 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