- Recently introduced. PubMed:Repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts on adults of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito. (13) EC Number: 294-954-7 EC Name: Cymbopogon winterianus, ext. The leaves of citronella plant (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) are distilled to obtain valuable oil. Citronella oil is an essential oil obtained from the leaves and stems of different species of Cymbopogon (lemongrass). and Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. 294-954-7 . Updated Dec 2019 / Oct 2014 It has carminative action, and gives relief in pain due to gas. Citronella Oil Cymbopogon winterianus. • Larvicidal / Molluscicidal: Study evaluated the molluscicidal and larvicidal activities of essential oil of C. winterianus. Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. Citronella oil is the main product of Java citronella grass (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) rich in geraniol and citronellol, widely used in mosquito repellents and perfumeries. (9) (see constituents above) (10) Cymbopogon winterianus herbs were collected from Boyolali District (7°31 59 S/110°35 44 E), Central Java, Indonesia, dried for one day, and the essential oil was subsequently obtained through a steam distillation method ; its active ingredients were isolated using fractional vacuum distillation and GC–MS. General Information Cymbopogon … Study suggests a potential antifungal product, especially for treatment of dermatophytosis. EINECS Number: 294-954-7. Java Citronnella is an Indonesian grass with long narrow leaves, stems and even linear inflorescences. Cannot be eaten because of its unpalatable nature. PubMed:Repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts on adults of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito. Citronella essential oil comes from two plant species belonging to the Cymbopogon family. • Food Flavoring: Citronella oil also used as food flavoring agent, in beverages, baked goods, cereals, candies, dairy products, gelatins and puddings. Study showed a possible anticonvulsant activity of the essential oil. 8312-8319, 8 August, 2011 / DOI: 10.5897/AJB10.509 10(42), pp. Citronella oil is used in small amounts to flavor foods, scent cosmetics, and repel insects. The mechanism of anticonvulsant effect of the EOs was, at least in part, dependent upon the GABAergic neurotransmission. Distribution No synonyms recorded. The main producers of this essential oil are China and Indonesia. It is soothing to the skin and creates an uplifting atmosphere. The leaves of citronella plant (Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt) are distilled to obtain valuable oil. Study evaluated the antifungal activity of C. winterianus essential oil against T. mentagrophytes using measures of mycelial growth, germination of spores, fungal viability, morphogenesis, cell wall and cell membrane leakage test. (1) Large-scale production and the use of improved selections and distillation equipment in Java started around 1900. Product Code: PEO1049. The selected plant was planted based on its recommended spacing at wondo genet experimental site and the required data was collected. The age of the plant plays a key role in oil composition and its yield such that young leaves have lesser oil content than the mature leaves. The LEO increased the sleeping time induced by sodium pentobarbital in a dose-dependent manner, decreased ambulation without altering motor coordination. Java citronella oil, which contains citronellol, citronellal, and geraniol, was isolated by batch vacuum fractional distillation, and their effect was tested against the dengue fever (DF) vector, known as Aedes aegypti. Family: Poaceae. (15) PART USED Leaves SYNONYMS Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor Cymbopogon … Cymbopogon winterianus / The Plant List Citronella Essential Oil is a source of important perfumery chemicals like citronellal, citronellol and geraniol, which find extensive use in soap, perfumery, cosmetic and flavouring industries. Uses Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants / Maria Cristina Teixeira Duarte et al / Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Vol 97, Issue 2, 28 February 2005, Pages 305-311 / doi:10.1016/j.jep.2004.11.016 (3) Evaluation of anti-mosquito properties of essential oils / Mohini Makhaik, Satya Narayan Naik, and Dhananjay Kumar Tewary / Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, Feb 2005; Vol 64: pp 129-133 Results suggest LEO has CNS activities, as hypnotic, sedative, and antinociceptive, which might involve a central GABAergic system. The EO showed concentration -dependent antifungal activity, similar to amphotericin B and nystatin. Cymbopogon nardus mahapengiri (L.) Rendle. vol.42 no.2 São Paulo Apr./June 2011 / http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822011000200004 Search PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) for academic researches with the search term Cymbopogon winterianus - See link. web interface by EINECS Number: 294-954-7. Clinical Overview Use. Parts used C. winterianus was named after Winter, who raised it as a separate species in the 19th century, subsequently introduced in Indonesia to become commercially known as Javanese citronella, eventually making it to India for commercial cultivation in 1959. source • Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (citronella) • Cymbopogon martinii Roxb. The database and code is licensed under a Phytochemical analysis of EO yielded citronellal, 23.59%, geraniol, 18.81%, and citronellol, 11.74%. Common Name: lemongrass, citronella grass. (2) Cymbopogon winterianus. The leaves are sessile, simple, green, and linear, equitantly arranged and can grow to an average size of 60 cm long x 2.5 cm wide. It is not uncommon for links on studies/sources to change. (16) CAS Number: 91771-61-8. No additional data available. It is used in the treatment of many digestive diseases such as abdominal pain, cramps colic, vomiting, gas, cholera, indigestion, etc. (7) Ceylon or Lenabatu citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon nardus, and Java or Maha Pengiri citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon winterianus. Male Swiss mice were subjected to formalin-, capsaicin-, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception. Ajna Fern Citronella oil is a prominent essential oil made from the extracts of a distinct species Cymbopogon plant. It is a tall perennial grass. • Acaricidal: Study showed an acaricidal effects of contact formulations of essential oils when compared to commercial chemical products, and suggests further studies for an alternative for controlling cattle ticks. (16). Copying and pasting the information on the search window or using the DOI (if available) will often redirect to the new link page. Cultivated. Functional use(s) - fragrance agents. It is used in the treatment of many digestive diseases such as abdominal pain, cramps colic, vomiting, gas, cholera, indigestion, etc. Family • Poaceae Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) grow to about 2 m (6.6 ft) and have magenta-colored base stems. Safety concerns Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. [33] Jaroenkit P, Matan N, Nisoa M. In vitro and in vivo activity of citronella oil for the control of spoilage bacteria of semi dried round scad (Decapterus maruadsi). Skin application. (14) winterianus Family : Graminae History. Preparation, Characterization, and Pharmacological Activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor (Poaceae) Leaf Essential Oil of β-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes / Priscilla L Santos, Adriano A S Araujo, Jullyana S S Quintans, Makson G B Oliveira, Renan G Brito, Mairim R Serafini et al / Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. PubMed:Laboratory assessment of acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma anatolicum. of Philippine Medicinal Plants with Chinese Names. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier), Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants, Cardiovascular effects induced by Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil in rats: involvement of calcium channels and vagal pathway, Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents, Phenotypic and RAPD diversity among Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt accessions in relation to Cymbopogon nardus Rendle, Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants, and Venomous Animals, Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans, Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. 91771-61-8. Bárbara L. S. Leite, Thais T. Souza, Angelo R. Antoniolli, Adriana G. Guimarães, Rosana S. Siqueira, Jullyana S. S. Quintans, Leonardo R. Bonjardim, Péricles B. Alves, Arie F. Blank, Marco Antonio Botelho, Jackson R. G. S. Almeida, Julianeli T. Lima, Adriano A. S. Araújo and Lucindo J. Quintans-Júnior* / African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. The volatile oil obtained by the steam distillation of the semi-dried aerial parts of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. Citronella Grass Overview. The classification of constituents of Cymbopogon Winterianus was studied (ECHA website) and used to derive a classification for the UVCB itself using the criteria outlined in Annex I of the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC) for eye irritation/damage. 294-954-7. Others winterianus was brought to Java at an early date and was taken into cultivation before 1900. The essential oils produced by the plant are influenced by agronomic and environmental factors. The main producers of this essential oil are China and Indonesia. CAS Number: 91771-61-8. CAS Number: 91771-61-8 Molecular formula: Not applicable for UVCB IUPAC Name: Essential oil obtained from the leaves of Cymbopogon winterianus, Gramineae by distillation. Citronella Grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) are like Lemongrass but grows to 2 m and has red/magenta base stems. The use of medicinal plants is considered an alternative to the recurring resistance to chemicals. (12) These different species yield different types of citronella oil. Medicinal Uses of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) Lemongrass is an Indian plant. ABOUT AUTHOR Rudra Sharan Dwivedi * Bhopal University, Working in RMS Regrow, Pune * rudsd1987@gmail.com ABSTRACT Cymbopogon, is a tall perennial grass with 55 species ofgrasses. Citronella oil is made by steam distillation of certain species of grasses in the Cymbopogon grouping of plants. winterianus was brought to Java at an early date and was taken into cultivation before 1900. Citronella Essential Oil is a source of important perfumery chemicals like citronellal, citronellol and geraniol, which find extensive use in soap, perfumery, cosmetic and flavouring industries. Citronella, Cymbopogon winterianus, C. nardus, CITRONELLA GRASS - Herbal Medicine - An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Dr Godofredo Umali Stuart of Philippine medicinal plants with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies. Acaricidal properties of the formulations based on essential oils from Cymbopogon winterianus and Syzygium aromaticum plants / Valéria de Mello et al / Parasitology Research, September 2014 It stimulates appetite, and digestion but does not increase Pitta. Cymbopogon Winterianus Oil . (11) Ceylon or Lenabatu citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon nardus, and Java or Maha Pengiri citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon winterianus. Cymbopogon winterianus. • Cardiovascular Effects: Study showed the essential oil of C. winterianus induced hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects probably mediated through Ca-channel blocking. Availability Cymbopogon citratus is an aromatic, evergreen, clump-forming, perennial grass producing numerous stiff stems arising from a short rhizomatous rootstock, and growing around 1.5 … (palmarosa) • C. nardus x C. jwarancusa (jamarosa hybrid ) [3]. - No recorded folkloric use in the Philippines. REFERENCES. Its uplifting fragrance is cooling, and helps relieve mental fatigue. RUSSIAN: Tsitronellovoe, Tsimbopogon Vintera. This study examines the active component of Cymbopogon winterianus (Java citronella) oil, as a green mosquito repellent, obtained through a steam distillation method. Lemongrass is native to Southeast Asia, though it has since been cultivated in many other parts of the world. - Cultivated in the Baguio area. Phenotypic and RAPD diversity among Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt accessions in relation to Cymbopogon nardus Rendle / A K Shasany, R K Lal et al / Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, Vol 47, Number 5 / October, 2000 / DOI 10.1023/A:1008712604390 Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt is a tall fragrant perennial grass, growing up to a height of 1 – 1.5 meter. Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor is an accepted name. • Anticonvulsant: Comparative study was done on the effect of EOs of Cymbopogon citratus and C. winterianus on three models of convulsions on male Swiss mice. This Citronella Essential Oil contains citronellal, geraniol, geranyl acetate and limonene as its chief constituents. Scientific Name(s): Andropogon nardus L., Cymbopogon nardus L. Rendle, Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt Common Name(s): Ceylon oil, Citronella, Citronella oil. Volatile constituents and behavioral change induced by Cymbopogon winterianus leaf essential oil in rodents / The oil is primarily used as a source in production of perfumery chemicals such … Essential oils from Cymbopogon species of diverse origin have been studied extensively, both previously and currently [1-9]. At present C. winterianus is cultivated throughout the tropics. Leaf sheaths are glabrous, reddish inside; leaf blades relatively thin, drooping 2/3 of their length, 40-80 cm tall, 1.5 to 2.5 cm wide, abaxial surface glaucous, adaxial surface light green, margins scabrid, base narrow, apex long acuminate. Product Code: PFW3133. June 2010, Additional The fresh leaves of Cymbopogon citratus are a good source of an essential oil (EO) rich in citral, and its tea is largely used in the Brazilian folk medicine as a sedative. Stems and leaves of this species, commonly known as lemongrass, are used for making citronella oil extracts. Names of Cymbopogon Winterianus in various languages of the world are also given. Citronella plant is a perennial 1-2m tall bush with green to yellowish green leaves. The volatile oils of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt from China and Brazil were isolated by hydrodistillation (HD) and microwave-assisted hydrodistillation (MHD). Citronella oil is a popular essential oil widely used in insect repellents, perfumery, cosmetic products and aromatherapy. Citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus) is a plant with repellent properties attributed to the presence of monoterpenes. in Relation to Nitrogen and Irrigation Regimes. Munnu Singh Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Regional Centre , Bangalore, 560 065, India , Govind D. Chandrasekhara Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Regional Centre , Bangalore, 560 065, India & Eranki V.S. Chemical analysis and therapeutic uses of citronella oil from Cymbopogon winterianus: A short review. Ceylon oil contains lower concentrations of citronellal and citronellol and higher concentrations of isomethyleugenol compared to the Java-type citronella oil. Chemical analysis and therapeutic uses of citronella oil from Cymbopogon winterianus: A short review. (2) List of various diseases cured by Cymbopogon Winterianus. Sources and Suggested Readings Quintans-Junior, T.T. If you are purchasing a “citronella plant” that has lacy foliage instead of grass blades, it is probably a citronella scented geranium, which is often sold as mosquito repelling plants but actually ineffective at repelling these insects. Citronella essential oil is a fantastic natural ingredient but needs to be used with a little caution. Is an invasive species that renders pastureland useless as cattle will starve even in its abundance. Results suggest the LEO-CD had orofacial antinociceptive profile, probably mediated by activation of the CNS without changing motor coordination. Lemongrass is the source of Lemongrass oil, natural citral, which is used as a basic raw material for synthesis of β-ionone used for synthesis of a number of useful aromatic compounds and Vitamin-A. • Aromatherapy: Also used in aromatherapy. • Phytochemical analysis of leaf essential oil yielded a mixture of monoterpenes, as citronellal (36.19%), geraniol (32.82%), and citronellol (11.37%). These species are used for the production of citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent (especially mosquitoes) in insect sprays and candles, and in aromatherapy. The oil yields (w/w) of China were 2.5 % (HD) and 2.7 % (MHD) and those of Brazil were 1.7 % (HD) and 2.0 % (MHD), respectively. Similarly, the insect repellent properties of C. winterianus (citronella) are used to protect cartons containing muesli and wheat germ from beetles [19]. Ceylon or Lenabatu citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon nardus, and Java or Maha Pengiri citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon winterianus. Leaves, oil. - Elsewhere, used for hypertension. EINECS No. Relative identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against . INCI Name: Cymbopogon Winterianus (Citronella) Herb Oil. Bath. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) also belongs to this grouping of plants, but it is not used to make citronella oil. Functional use(s) - fragrance agents. Citronella oil is used in small amounts to flavor foods, scent cosmetics, and repel insects. • Antifungal Against Trichophyton mentagrophytes / Essential Oil: Trichophyton mentagrophytes is a causative fungal agent of dermatophytosis. Citronella oil, commercially and in the cybermarkets. For that purpose, Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) This work aimed to verify the interference of water stress and mineral nutrition in the development of citronella plants and oil production. It has grown to have a reputation for having a wide variety of uses, from lending flavor to food … were studied for their essential oils after various chemical extractions. The essential oils of Cymbopogon species mainly consist of the monoterpene fractions. Cultivated plant Photograph by: Raffi Kojian Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. The analysis shows that, the selected aromatic grass provides INCI Name: Cymbopogon Winterianus (Citronella) Distillate Water. The oil is primarily used as a source in production of perfumery chemicals such … • In Europe, Java type citronella is Category 1 (not considered a safety concern at levels consumed), while Ceylon-type is a Category 3 (items with safety concern associated with the active ingredient), because of the presence of isomethyleugenol. Molluscicidal and larvicidal activities and essential oil composition of Cymbopogon winterianus / Rodrigues KA, Dias CN, do Amaral FM, Moraes DF, Mouchrek Filho VE, Andrade EH, Maia JG / Pharmaceutical Biology, 2013 • Veterinary: Oil also a component of veterinary deterrent product for dogs seeking to mate. • Antifungal: Study investigated the activity of essential oil of Cymbopogon winterianus against C. albicans. The age of the plant plays a key role in oil composition and its yield such that young … Description: Citronella oil is also a renowned plant-based insect repellent, and has been registered for this use in the United States since 1948.The United States Environmental Protection Agency‎ considers oil of citronella as a biopesticide with a non-toxic mode of action. How Cymbopogon Winterianus is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. These species are used to produce Citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent in insect sprays and candles, and in aromatherapy. IJAR 2013; 1(6): 504-21. - Studies have suggested anti-candidal, hypotensive, vaxo-relaxant, acaricidal, molluscicidal, sedative, analgesic, mosquito repellent properties. Product Code: PEO1049. Cardiovascular effects induced by Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil in rats: involvement of calcium channels and vagal pathway / Igor Alexander Cortes de Menezes, Italo Jose Alves Moreira et al / Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Volume 62 Issue 2, Pages 215 - 221 / Published Online: 19 Mar 2010 / DOI 10.1211/jpp.62.02.0009 EINECS Number: 294-954-7. Citronella essential oil is a known powerful insect repellent and an ideal companion during outdoor activities. CAS Number: 8000-29-1 ; 91771-61-8. Richard Morris. Last updated on Sep 30, 2020. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Sessile spikelets are elliptic-lanceolate; lower glume, flat or slightly concave, 2-keeled, 3-veined between keels. Sorghum nardus (L.) Kuntze. How Cymbopogon Winterianus is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Citronella Grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) is similar to the species above but grows to 2 m and has red base stems.These species are used for the production of citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as a mosquito repellent in insect sprays and candles, and also in aromatherapy, which is famous in Bintan, Indonesia. If you are purchasing a “citronella plant” that has lacy foliage instead of grass blades, it is probably a citronella scented geranium, which is often sold as mosquito repelling plants but … REFERENCES. REFERENCES. Botanical Name: Cymbopogon winterianus. Piper betle, Ocimum basilicum, Cymbopogon winterianus, and Citrus hystrix leaves contain essential oils suspected of having mosquito repellent activity, which can be used as a synthetic repellent alternative such as DEET. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) also belongs to this grouping of plants, but it is not used to make citronella oil. For the analysis net return to land (birr/ha) was used as a parameter. These different species yield different types of citronella oil. Cymbopogon winterianus, ext. Results showed antifungal activity. If you would like to support this site, please consider, http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents / L.J. (12) August 2013 International Journal of Advanced Research 1(6):504-521 Oral route. Botany List of various diseases cured by Cymbopogon Winterianus. Cymbopogon winterianus. - The citronella oil from steam distillation considered rubefacient, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, sedating, analgesic. It is highly effective to ward off flying insects such as mosquitoes, and is the key ingredient in most natural insect repellents. More Information. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) also belongs to this grouping of plants, but it is not used to make citronella oil. Citronella oil is made by steam distillation of certain species of grasses in the Cymbopogon grouping of plants. EINECS Number: 294-954-7. (8) Souzaa et al / FreeLibrary • The species C. winterianus Jowitt is believed to have originated from Cymbopogon nardus, type Maha Pengiri, referred to as Ceylonese (Sri Lankan) commercial citronella. (13) J. Microbiol. Ken Fern, in mice. Citronella Grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) are like Lemongrass but grows to 2 m and has red/magenta base stems. PubMed:Laboratory assessment of acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma anatolicum. Citronella oil is extracted from the plants of the species – Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus – in the Cymbopogon (lemongrass) genus family. CITRONELLA GRASS / Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol., 2010 May; 381(5): pp 415-26. IJMAP 2011; 1(3): 234-9. Objective: To obtain insect natural repellent to mosquitoes from essential oils. Citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) grow to about 2 m (6.6 ft) and have magenta-colored base stems.These species are used for the production of citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent (especially mosquitoes) in insect sprays and candles, and in aromatherapy. The essential oils produced by the plant are influenced by agronomic and environmental factors. It has been used in aromatic tea as a vermifuge, diuretic, and antispasmodic, although no clinical trials have been performed. Citronella oil is a popular essential oil widely used in insect repellents, perfumery, cosmetic products and aromatherapy. Cymbopogon species are used as traditional remedies in Burkina Faso for treating several diseases. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinary pur… Advices; Recipes; Citronella essence must always be used diluted on the skin. INCI Name. (10) • Citronella oil is a steam distillation product of the fresh or partially dried leaves from citronella grass (C. nardus, producing "Ceylon-type" citronella oil) or Java citronella grass (C. winterianus Jowitt, producing "Java-type" citronella oil). Culms are tufted, robust, up to 2 m tall. Flora of China / FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. These species are used to produce Citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as an insect repellent in insect sprays and candles, and in aromatherapy. History. Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans / Wylly Araújo de Oliveira *; Fillipe de Oliveira Pereira; Giliara Carol Diniz Gomes de Luna; Igara Oliveira Lima; Paulo Alves Wanderley; Rita Baltazar de Lima; Edeltrudes de Oliveira Lima / Braz. This Citronella Essential Oil contains citronellal, geraniol, geranyl acetate and limonene as its chief constituents. J. Pharm.

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